陈长兴,杨松,林丽秋.国内外燕窝质量标准的比较研究[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2015,6(7):2603-2609
国内外燕窝质量标准的比较研究
Comparative study of domestic and foreign quality standards for edible bird’s nest
投稿时间:2015-06-08  修订日期:2015-07-16
DOI:
中文关键词:  食品安全  燕窝  质量标准
英文关键词:food safety  edible bird’s nest  quality standard
基金项目:
作者单位
陈长兴 福清出入境检验检疫局 
杨松 福建出入境检验检疫局 
林丽秋 福清出入境检验检疫局 
AuthorInstitution
CHEN Chang-Xing Fuqing Entry-Exit Inspection Quarantine Bureau 
YANG Song Fujian Entry-Exit Inspection Quarantine Bureau 
LIN LI-Qiu Fuqing Entry-Exit Inspection Quarantine Bureau 
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中文摘要:
      目的 通过对马来西亚、印度尼西亚、泰国及我国的燕窝质量标准的比较, 增进消费者、官方主管部门对国内外燕窝质量标准的了解, 为官方主管部门加强对燕窝入境验证和市场监管提供借鉴。方法 对不同国家的燕窝标准中的相关参数进行比较, 分析其共同点和不同点。结果 马来西亚、印度尼西亚、泰国等燕窝的主要生产国, 燕窝标准侧重在感官指标、水分含量, 微生物和亚硝酸盐限量等。我国燕窝等级标准, 侧重通过感官指标、大小、水分、蛋白质、唾液酸等对燕窝进行等级分类, 同时我国也明确了燕窝中亚硝酸盐的限量要求。结论 作为世界上最大的燕窝消费国, 我国应合理确定燕窝入境验证和流通领域监管的监测项目, 不断完善燕窝质量标准。
英文摘要:
      Objective To enhance the understanding of consumers and competent authorities on the edible bird’s nest (EBN) quality standards at home and abroad. To provide reference for competent authorities to strengthen import validation and market supervision for the EBN quality by comparing with the EBN quality standards of Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and China. Methods The related parameters of the EBN quality standards of the countries mentioned above were compared with each other, and the similarities and differences were analyzed. Results The EBN quality standards focused on sensory indexes, water content, microbial and nitrite limit, etc. in the main production countries, such as Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand. While the EBN quality standards in China, focused on sensory index, size, moisture, protein, and sialic acid, which were classified by these indexes. Meanwhile, it had clear requirements on nitrite limit for the EBN in China. Conclusion As the world’s largest country of consumption of EBN, we shall reasonably define EBN monitoring items for import validation and market supervision, and keep improving the EBN quality standards.
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