高 琦,张立炎,管映雪,唐子程,王晓文,张俊伟,薛友林.日本核电站事故对蘑菇的放射性污染(137Cs)特征及去除污染的研究进展[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2021,12(6):2439-2446
日本核电站事故对蘑菇的放射性污染(137Cs)特征及去除污染的研究进展
Research progress on the characteristics and removal of radioactive pollution (137Cs) from mushroom caused by nuclear power plant accident in Japan
投稿时间:2020-11-26  修订日期:2021-03-30
DOI:
中文关键词:  福岛核电站事故  蘑菇  放射性物质  137Cs  净化
英文关键词:Fukushima nuclear power plant accident  mushroom  radioactive substance  137Cs  decontamination
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31201285)、辽宁省“兴辽英才计划”项目(XLYC1807270)、辽宁大学大学生创新创业训练计划项目(x201710140250、x201810140253)
作者单位
高 琦 辽宁大学轻型产业学院;中共辽宁省委党校 
张立炎 辽宁大学轻型产业学院 
管映雪 辽宁大学轻型产业学院 
唐子程 辽宁大学轻型产业学院 
王晓文 辽宁大学轻型产业学院 
张俊伟 辽宁大学轻型产业学院 
薛友林 辽宁大学轻型产业学院 
AuthorInstitution
GAO Qi College of Light Industry, Liaoning University;Party School of Liaoning Provincial Party Committee 
ZHANG Li-Yan College of Light Industry, Liaoning University 
GUAN Ying-Xue College of Light Industry, Liaoning University 
TANG Zi-Cheng College of Light Industry, Liaoning University 
WANG Xiao-Wen College of Light Industry, Liaoning University 
ZHANG Jun-Wei College of Light Industry, Liaoning University 
XUE You-Lin College of Light Industry, Liaoning University 
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中文摘要:
      日本福岛核电站事故导致大量人工放射性物质释放到环境中。蘑菇可以将周围环境的放射性物质富集在子实体内, 使其在生态系统中循环, 而消费者可能误买误食受污染蘑菇, 造成放射性物质在人体内蓄积。通过查阅大量文献发现: 蘑菇中放射性铯来源有多种, 主要源自其生长的底物; 蘑菇中放射性铯含量高低, 与距事故发生地的距离和蘑菇自身的营养机制有着很大关系; 去除放射性物质, 可以通过减少环境中的放射性铯或者简单水煮、油炸来减少食用蘑菇的放射性。本文就蘑菇中放射性铯的来源, 积累方式, 产生差异的原因及去除方法进行概述, 以期为我国构建蘑菇类放射性污染特征及去除污染方法数据库提供支撑。
英文摘要:
      The accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan resulted in the release of large amounts of artificial radioactive material into the environment. Mushrooms can accumulate the radioactive materials from the surrounding environment in the fruiting body, making it circulate in the ecosystem, while consumers may consume the contaminated mushrooms by mistake, resulting in excessive accumulation of radioactive material in the human body. After reviewing a large number of literatures, we found that: there were many sources of radioactive cesium in mushrooms, mainly from the substrate on which they grew, the content of radioactive cesium was related to the distance from the accident site and the nutrient mechanism of the mushroom itself, and the removal of the radioactive material could be achieved by reducing the radioactive cesium from the environment or simply by boiling or frying the mushrooms to reduce the pollution of radioactive cesium. This article summarized the sources of radioactive cesium in mushrooms, the accumulation methods, the reasons for the differences and the removal methods, in order to provide supports for the establishment of a database of mushroom radioactive pollution characteristics and decontamination methods in China.
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