鲍玉花,马秀花,闫世芳,肖 明,崔明明.马铃薯及耕地土壤重金属含量的测定及健康风险评价[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2021,12(23):9149-9156
马铃薯及耕地土壤重金属含量的测定及健康风险评价
Detection and health risk assessment of heavy mental in potato and cultivated soil
投稿时间:2021-08-06  修订日期:2021-12-08
DOI:
中文关键词:  马铃薯  土壤  重金属  污染评价
英文关键词:potato  soil  heavy metal  pollution assessment
基金项目:
作者单位
鲍玉花 青海大学农牧学院;青海省农林科学院农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室 
马秀花 青海大学农牧学院 
闫世芳 青海大学农牧学院;青海省农林科学院农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室 
肖 明 青海大学农牧学院;青海省农林科学院农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室 
崔明明 青海省农林科学院农业农村部农产品质量安全风险评估实验室 
AuthorInstitution
BAO Yu-Hua College of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Qinghai University;Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Risk Assessment Laboratory of Rural Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences 
MA Xiu-Hua College of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Qinghai University 
YAN Shi-Fang College of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Qinghai University;Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Risk Assessment Laboratory of Rural Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences 
XIAO Ming College of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Qinghai University;Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Risk Assessment Laboratory of Rural Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences 
CUI Ming-Ming Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Risk Assessment Laboratory of Rural Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Qinghai Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对青海大学农林科学院试验田马铃薯和其根系土壤中镉、铬、铜、铅、镍、锌的含量进行检测及评价, 并评价经马铃薯途径膳食途径摄入重金属的人体健康风险。方法 使用石墨消解仪对样品进行前处理, 使用电感耦合等离子体发射光谱仪测定马铃薯和土壤中的Cd、Cr、Cu、Pb、Ni和Zn 6种重金属含量; 采用单因子指数法和内梅罗综合指数法对重金属污染程度进行分析评价; 采用目标危险系数法(target hazard quotient/total target hazard quotient, THQ/TTHQ)对马铃薯进行单一及复合重金属摄入健康风险评价。结果 该研究区土壤中6种重金属单项污染指数均小于1, 综合污染指数小于0.7, 未对土壤造成污染, 马铃薯中除了Cu和Zn污染处于安全水平, Cr和Ni污染达到轻污染水平, Cd和Pb污染达到重污染水平。根据富集系数(bio-concentration factor, BCF)发现马铃薯对Cd和Pb有一定的富集能力; 成人和儿童因食用马铃薯而摄入重金属Cd、Cr和Pb的单一健康风险指数和复合健康风险指数均大于1, 对儿童和成人存在健康风险。结论 该研究区土壤中重金属污染程度较低, 而马铃薯中重金属的残留对人体健康存在隐患, 本研究可为大田试验提供方法学基础。
英文摘要:
      Objective To detect the content of Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn in potato and its root soil, and evaluate the human health risk of heavy metal in potato produced in the potato planting experimental field of the Qinghai University Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences. Methods The samples were pretreated by graphite digester, the content of 6 kinds of heavy metals such as Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn in potato and soil were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, the pollution degree of heavy metals was analyzed and evaluated by single factor index method and Nemero comprehensive index method, target hazard quotient/total target hazard quotient (THQ/TTHQ) was used to evaluate the health risks of single and compound heavy metals intake of potato. Results In the study area, the single pollution index of 6 kinds of heavy metals in the soil was less than 1, and the comprehensive pollution index was less than 0.7, which did not pollute the soil. In addition to Cu and Zn pollution in potato, Cr and Ni pollution reached the light pollution level, Cd and Pb pollution reached the heavy pollution level. According to the bio-concentration factor, it was found that potato had a certain enrichment ability for Cd and Pb. The single health risk index and the compound health risk index of Cd, Cr and Pb ingested by adults and children due to potato consumption were both more than 1, which had health risks for children and adults. Conclusion The pollution degree of heavy metals in the soil of the study area is low, and the residue of heavy metals in potato has hidden dangers to human health, this study can provide a methodological basis for field experiments.
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