刘悦珍,陈浩然,程 星,于 晗,林志涵,陈德蓉,任胜男,马 玲,曹文泽,温巧玲,李志勇.我国与南亚主要国家农食产品重金属限量标准的对比分析[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2022,13(9):3026-3033
我国与南亚主要国家农食产品重金属限量标准的对比分析
Comparative analysis on standards for heavy metal limits in agricultural and food products between China and the main countries of South Asia
投稿时间:2021-12-29  修订日期:2022-03-17
DOI:
中文关键词:  中国  南亚主要国家  农食产品  重金属限量指标  标准对比
英文关键词:China  main countries of South Asia  agricultural and food products  heavy metal limits  standard comparison
基金项目:一带一路中亚五国及俄罗斯农食产品技术性贸易措施研究项目(2019HK157)、2020年广州海关科研项目(2020GZCK-022)
作者单位
刘悦珍 拱北海关 
陈浩然 拱北海关 
程 星 拱北海关 
于 晗 拱北海关 
林志涵 拱北海关 
陈德蓉 拱北海关 
任胜男 拱北海关 
马 玲 拱北海关 
曹文泽 广州海关技术中心 
温巧玲 广州海关技术中心 
李志勇 广州海关技术中心 
AuthorInstitution
LIU Yue-Zhen Gongbei Customs 
CHEN Hao-Ran Gongbei Customs 
CHENG Xing Gongbei Customs 
YU Han Gongbei Customs 
LIN Zhi-Han Gongbei Customs 
CHEN De-Rong Gongbei Customs 
REN Sheng-Nan Gongbei Customs 
MA Ling Gongbei Customs 
CAO Wen-Ze Guangzhou Customs Technology Center 
WEN Qiao-Ling Guangzhou Customs Technology Center 
LI Zhi-Yong Guangzhou Customs Technology Center 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究我国与南亚主要国家农食产品重金属限量标准的异同。方法 通过研究中国、印度、孟加拉国、斯里兰卡、不丹农食产品的重金属限量标准, 比对上述国家重金属检测项目、涉及的食品种类和铅、镉、砷、汞4种重金属的最大限值。结果 我国重金属限量标准涉及的农食产品种类更全面。在限量指标方面, 我国大米和肉类的镉限量、蔬菜和水产品的砷限量及蔬菜的汞限量严于南亚各国。我国水产动物及其制品和乳及乳制品的铅限量宽松于部分南亚国家。结论 我国监管部门应对南亚主要国家重金属限量指标规定较为宽松的农食产品种类予以关注; 同时在出口方面, 也要关注重金属限量指标较南亚主要国家更为宽松的项目。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the similarities and differences of standards for heavy metal limits in agricultural and food products between China and the main countries of South Asia. Methods According to standards for heavy metal limits of China, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Bhutan, the heavy metal detection projects, the types of food involved and maximum limits of four heavy metals including lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury in the above countries were compared. Results The standard for heavy metal limits in China involved more comprehensive types of agricultural and food products. Limits of cadmium in rice and meat, arsenic in vegetables and aquatic products and mercury in vegetables in China were stricter than those in the main countries of South Asia. Maximum limits of lead in aquatic animals and their products, milk and dairy products in China were laxer than those in the main countries of South Asia. Conclusion Regulatory authorities in China should pay attention to categories of agricultural and food products with relatively laxer heavy metal limits. Meanwhile, in terms of exports, agricultural and food products with laxer heavy metal limits than those in major South Asian countries should also be concerned.
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