胡航伟,高翠娟,孙 杰,冷 鹏,彭善丽,王 亮,刘云国.乳酸菌发酵蜜桃果酱制作过程中理化性质和关键香气成分演化研究[J].食品安全质量检测学报,2022,13(9):2745-2754
乳酸菌发酵蜜桃果酱制作过程中理化性质和关键香气成分演化研究
Study on evolution of physicochemical properties and key aroma components in honey peach jam with lactic acid bacteria fermentation
投稿时间:2022-01-15  修订日期:2022-04-22
DOI:
中文关键词:  蜜桃果酱  顶空固相微萃取-气相色谱-质谱法  乳酸菌  风味物质  气味活度值
英文关键词:honey peach jam  headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry  lactic acid bacteria  flavor substance  odor activity value
基金项目:山东省重点研发计划项目(2019YYSP026)、浙江大学山东(临沂)现代农业研究院服务地方经济发展项目(开放课题)(ZDNY-2020-FULY02014)
作者单位
胡航伟 临沂大学生命科学学院 
高翠娟 临沂大学生命科学学院 
孙 杰 浙江大学山东(临沂)现代农业研究院 
冷 鹏 浙江大学山东(临沂)现代农业研究院 
彭善丽 临沂大学生命科学学院 
王 亮 新疆大学生命科学与技术学院 
刘云国 临沂大学生命科学学院 
AuthorInstitution
HU Hang-Wei College of Life Sciences, Linyi University 
GAO Cui-Juan College of Life Sciences, Linyi University 
SUN Jie Zhejiang University-Shandong (Linyi) Modern Agricultural Research Institute 
LENG Peng Zhejiang University-Shandong (Linyi) Modern Agricultural Research Institute 
PENG Shan-Li College of Life Sciences, Linyi University 
WANG Liang College of Life Science and Technology, Xinjiang University 
LIU Yun-Guo College of Life Sciences, Linyi University 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究乳酸菌发酵蜜桃果酱制作过程中的品质特性及挥发性香气化合物变化情况, 筛选关键呈香物质。方法 采用顶空固相微萃取-气相色谱-质谱法测定乳酸菌发酵蜜桃果酱挥发性风味物质变化。同时, 测定样品的总多酚、总黄酮、有机酸、色泽等理化指标, 并对其进行感官评价。结果 共检测到53种挥发性有机化合物, 其中醛类、酯类、醇类在蜜桃果酱中较丰富。结合气味活度值(odor activity value, OAV>1)初步筛选出苯甲醛、芳樟醇、1-辛烯-3-醇、壬醛等10种关键呈香物质。在乳酸菌发酵过程中, 果酱样品总黄酮含量显著增加(P<0.05), 2,2-联苯基-1-苦基肼基(2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhyderazy, DPPH)自由基清除能力有所提高。但是, 浓缩(NS)和后杀菌(GZ)过程对热敏性物质破坏严重, 颜色接受度下降, 色泽参数(L*、a*、b*)出现明显变化。在发酵过程中, 乳酸-苹果酸含量变化具有相关性。对不同制作时期果酱的挥发性风味物质进行偏最小二乘回归分析, 各时期得以很好的区分, 且模型可靠。结论 乳酸菌发酵改善了蜜桃果酱的风味, 明显提高活性物质的含量。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the quality characteristics and changes of volatile aroma compounds in the production process of honey peach jam fermented by lactic acid bacteria, further screen the key aroma compounds. Methods Headspace solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technology was used to determine the changes of volatile flavor compounds in honey peach jam fermented by lactic acid bacteria. At the same time, the total polyphenols, total flavonoids, organic acids, color properties and other physical and chemical indexes of the samples were determined, and sensory evaluation was carried out. Results A total of 53 kinds of volatile organic compounds were detected, among which, aldehydes, esters and alcohols were abundant in honey peach jam. Combined with the odor activity value (OAV>1), 10 kinds of key aroma compounds were preliminarily screened out, such as benzaldehyde, linalool, 1-octene-3-ol and nonaldehyde. During lactic acid bacteria fermentation, the content of total flavonoids in fruit jam samples increased significantly (P<0.05), and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhyderazy (DPPH) scavenging ability was improved. However, the process of concentration (NS) and post-sterilization (GZ) seriously damaged the heat-sensitive substances, the color acceptance decreased, and the color parameters (L*, a*, b*) changed obviously. During the fermentation process, the change of lactic acid-malic acid content had a correlation. Partial least square regression analysis of volatile flavor compounds in honey peach jam during different production periods showed that different periods were well distinguished and the model was reliable. Conclusion Lactic acid bacteria fermentation improved the flavor of honey peach jam, and the content of active substances obviously.
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